The Psychotherapist's Corner - Brain Trauma

Hello everyone!

Welcome to the first edition of “The Psychotherapist Corner”. In this edition, we will be sharing information about your brain with you! If you have friends who play soccer, then there is a high chance you would have heard the word “concussion” before! But what exactly is concussion?

Your brain is inside the skull; however, it is not attached to the skull – your brain “floats”! It is protected by membranes, known as meninges. When something hits your head with great force, the impact causes the brain to shake. This may result in cell damage. Concussion, a type of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), occurs when the damaged cells are neurons. Symptoms of concussion include memory loss and headache. However, these signs may not appear immediately.

So, friends! If you ever hit your head anywhere and even though you think you’re fine, always get a scan done to be 100% sure! Better safe than sorry!

Case Studies
Four years ago, Chelsea had a seizure and fell on the ground at college. Her brain was damaged when she stopped breathing. Post-recovery, she has mood swings and is not able to control her rage. Minor disruptions such as not being able to go back to school resulted in her getting physical with her mother and punching her father (Dodgson, 2018).

In 2014, Adam was in a major car accident that resulted in a serious TBI. After being discharged, his family said he was not the same person anymore. He displayed argumentative behaviours, was childish and vulgar (Wearne & Trimmer, 2017)

How It Affects People?
TBI may result in people having difficulties in communicating, planning daily activities and problem solving. There may even be changes in behaviour where the person becomes more aggressive and either have an excessive of emotions or a totally flattened mood. (Wearne & Trimmer, 2017).

How Can We Support Them?
Recovery varies for everyone. Many have difficulties adjusting to their new lifestyle. They may not be able to live independently or achieve certain types of goals. This may add on to their frustration. Their behavioural changes may place a strain on families and friends. It is important for us to understand why there’s a change in their behaviour and to continue to provide support. With understanding, we can foster a supportive and encouraging society! (Wearne & Trimmer, 2017).

 

References
1. Dodgson, L. (2018). Brain injuries can cause some people to become violent criminals and pedophiles — here’s what scientists know so far about why that is. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.sg/brain-damage-can-turn-people-into-criminals-2018-2/?r=US&IR=T

2. Wearne, T., & Trimmer, E. (2017). Explainer: What is traumatic brain injury? Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/explainer-what-is-traumatic-brain-injury-75546