An individual with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) may either perform a routine action, have routine thoughts or combine both, action and thought. Performing a routine is known as compulsion and having repeated thoughts is called obsessions. OCD is one of the most common disorders in Singapore. An individual you interact with may have OCD. You may not be aware of it because their OCD may only be related to one aspect of their life, such as home. They may not display their symptoms at work or school.

To read more on what OCD is about or what causes it among young people, click this link to read 2019’s article on OCD:

Most of the time, people tend to associate OCD with cleanliness. But, OCD affects an individual in more ways than just cleanliness. In this article, we will be providing you with some examples of clients who have OCD.


Case Studies

Client A is a female teenager. She has obsessive thoughts on figurines being cut into half. These thoughts are imagery. Sometimes, she views these thoughts from a third-person point of view where it feels as if she is looking at a movie. Other times, the client views it from third-person point of view where she executes the action. Client A does not have compulsive behaviours. She fears what these thoughts mean.

Client B is a male teenager. He has obsessive thoughts and behaviours. Client B thinks he looks ugly and, thus, feels guilty because he thinks other people have to suffer when they look at him. Over time, the client developed obsessive behaviour where he apologizes to soft toys as a coping mechanism. He is not able to control this behaviour. As long as the client comes across a soft toy that has eyes, he feels that the toy is also looking at him and he apologizes to the toy for having to look at him.

Client C is a female teenager who has obsessive thoughts and behaviours. She feels that she expresses her thoughts verbally (even though the thought was only in her mind) and that the public has recorded something she said or did. This causes the client to fear because she thinks that what she said “verbally” will be published online by someone, and people will be hurt by it. As a result, she constantly checks with her family and friends who are with her if they heard her say something out loud.


With these case studies, you will be able to understand that everyone who have OCD could display different symptoms. They may have triggers that are different from others who also have OCD. It is important to know that telling someone “these things are just in your head” will not help! Past experiences, the emotions related to these events and recurring triggers cause an individual to develop coping mechanisms. These coping mechanisms may sometimes be unhealthy which results in the individual performing repeated actions or having routine thoughts. If you know someone who may have OCD that is disrupting their daily life, encourage them to seek therapy!